…No other cultural artifacts but dolls have such an old and profound relationship with the human experience. As far back as 40.000 years ago, humans carved dolls from soft stone, bone, ivory, or clay. The so-called Venus figurines were no longer needed for matriarchal worship instead they were given to a female child (inside the house) as a toy, calling them now ‘kore’, literally little girl – doll. Girls kept their dolls, until they got married, being transferred from being property of the father’s house to the property of the husband. At this moment, Greek women dedicated their dolls to Artemis. These dolls were known also as daidala. Often this ritual is interpreted as to provide support for the young women’s fertility during the marriage. However, Artemis is the goddess of the hunt, wild animals, and wilderness closed to the chthonic goddesses that resonate with matriarchal powers of Neolithic times. It is, therefore, more likely to look at the dedication as a way of saying goodbye to the freedom of pre-married life and commemorating the old matriarchal order. The dolls represented the girl/woman herself. The main goal was to make the doll as “lifelike” as possible. The dedication, therefore, can be seen as an act of total dissociation, where the I and psyche stayed free or dies, and only the body moves into the property of the husband. Consequently, if girls died before marriage, their dolls were buried with them. Most dolls found in the tombs of children were very simple creations. Often, they were made from simple materials such as clay, rags, wood, or bone. Some dolls were not only girl’s toys but also had a religious significance, as is evident from the religious symbols depicted on them. Some of the more unique dolls were made with ivory or wax. These dolls were called dagus, and used in magic rites.[1]

[1] http://www.rwaag.org/doll

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